Research Articles

Research Articles published by eLife are full-length studies that present important breakthroughs across the life sciences and biomedicine. There is no maximum length and no limits on the number of display items.

Latest articles

    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution towards simplicity in bacterial small heat shock protein system

    Piotr Karaś, Klaudia Kochanowicz ... Krzysztof Liberek
    Phylogenetic and biochemical analysis reveals crucial role of two substitutions in the α–crystallin domain for development of new functionality of IbpA chaperone after the loss of paralogous IbpB in Erwiniaceae.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Enterobacterales plasmid sharing amongst human bloodstream infections, livestock, wastewater, and waterway niches in Oxfordshire, UK

    William Matlock, Samuel Lipworth ... REHAB Consortium
    A geographically and temporally restricted genomic surveillance study concludes that Enterobacterales plasmid dissemination between human and non-human niches might be occurring at greater rates than previously estimated.
    1. Neuroscience

    ACC neural ensemble dynamics are structured by strategy prevalence

    Mikhail Proskurin, Maxim Manakov, Alla Karpova
    Anterior Cingulate Cortex displays robust tracking during strategy execution of a summary statistic for that strategy in recent behavioral history, suggesting a role for this brain region in estimating which actions promote the occurrence of events in the environment.
    1. Cell Biology

    Differential regulation of hair cell actin cytoskeleton mediated by SRF and MRTFB

    Ling-Yun Zhou, Chen-Xi Jin ... Hao Wu
    In hair cells, the development and maintenance of the F-actin-enriched stereocilia and cuticular plates are differentially regulated by transcription factors SRF and MRTFB, and SRF–CNN2 is required for modulating actin dynamics of the stereocilia and cuticular plate.
    1. Neuroscience

    Postsynaptic mitochondria are positioned to support functional diversity of dendritic spines

    Connon I Thomas, Melissa A Ryan ... Benjamin Scholl
    Correlated light and electron microscopy of cortical neurons reveals a local organization of mitochondria near dendritic spines with diverse functional properties.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A timeline of bacterial and archaeal diversification in the ocean

    Carolina A Martinez-Gutierrez, Josef C Uyeda, Frank O Aylward
    Phylogenomics reveals the timeline over which marine bacteria and archaea colonized the oceans and shows the geological context of their diversification.
    1. Cell Biology

    Hsf1 and the molecular chaperone Hsp90 support a ‘rewiring stress response’ leading to an adaptive cell size increase in chronic stress

    Samarpan Maiti, Kaushik Bhattacharya ... Didier Picard
    Human cells adapt to chronic mild stresses, such as slightly elevated temperature, by getting larger in a process that couples increased translation to increased cell size in an Hsp90-dependent manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multiple NTS neuron populations cumulatively suppress food intake

    Weiwei Qui, Chelsea R Hutch ... Darleen Sandoval